2.6 Refugee Entrepreneurship

  • Stefan Lång Åbo Akademi University
  • Gunilla Widén Åbo Akademi University
  • Malin Brännback Åbo Akademi University
  • Jonas Lagerström Åbo Akademi University
  • Astrid Huopalainen Åbo Akademi University
Keywords: Refugee entrepreneurship, Labour Market Integration, Context and Refugee Entrepreneurship, International refugee crisis, Refugee camp and host country


For decades, entrepreneurship has been part of the business research area. However, new phenomena have emerged that could further enlighten the understanding of entrepreneurship. One of these phenomena is the international refugee crises. This refugee crisis has had an impact on the Nordic countries in many ways. Many questions arise on how this large immigrant group can survive and make a living, and how the integration of the refugees are to be handled in a host country. This track invites papers that shed light on this new and important area of entrepreneurship by focusing on refugee entrepreneurship.


Desai, S., Naudé, W., and Stel, N. (2021). Refugee entrepreneurship: context and directions for future research. Small Business Economics, Vol. 56, pp.933-945.

Heilbrunn, S. (2019) Against all odds: refugees bricoleuring in the void. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, Vol. 25, No. 5, pp.1045-1064.

Heilbrunn, S., & Iannone, R. L. (2020). From Center to Periphery and Back Again: A Systematic Literature Review of Refugee Entrepreneurship. Sustainability, 12(18), 7658.

Kone, Z. L., Ruiz, I., & Vargas-Silva, C. (2020) Self-employment and reason for migration: are those who migrate for asylum different from other migrants?. Small Business Economics, Vol. 56, pp.947-962.

Sandberg, S., Immonen, R., & Kok, S. (2019) Refugee entrepreneurship: Taking a social network view on immigrants with refugee backgrounds starting transnational businesses in Sweden. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 36, Nos. 1-2, pp. 216-241.

Zighan, S. (2020) Challenges faced by necessity entrepreneurship, the case of Syrian refugees in Jordan. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, DOI 10.1108/JEC-09-2020-0168.

Entrepreneurship and Innovation Studies