Perceptions of Food Waste as a Wicked Problem in Indonesia

Insights from Higher Education Stakeholders

  • Nina Mesiranta Tampere University
  • Elina Närvänen Tampere University
  • Malla Mattila Tampere University
  • Johanna Renny Octavia Universitas Katolik Parahyangan
Keywords: food waste, wicked problem, Indonesia


Food waste is one of the major challenges confronting circular economy. Indonesia is
considered to be one of the leading producers of food waste globally, while also suffering from
food insecurity. This study applies and further develops the framework of food waste as a
wicked problem (Närvänen et al., 2020) in Indonesia. The data comprises seven focus group
discussions among Indonesian teachers, students, and other stakeholders. The paper highlights
how these stakeholders within the higher educational system perceive the problem of food


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10.5 Towards Circular Economy in Organisations and Consumption